At some point in life, many females ask why women need iodine more than men. Well, one of the reasons involves the menstrual period. The menstrual cycle is a significant indicator of health. For example, thyroid disorders caused by lack of iodine can result in hormonal imbalances that affect your periods or make them more challenging to figure out than they should be. This includes both normalizing the flow and ensuring it comes on time every month without fail.
The menstrual issue symptoms may seem minimal at first but can become severe if left unchecked by treatment from doctors. So if you or someone in your family is experiencing unusual menstrual symptoms, it's vital to get evaluated by a healthcare provider.
You may experience various symptoms with thyroid disorders such as depression or weight gain. In this article, we explore the connection between your menstrual cycle and different thyroid conditions so that it will be easier for women with chronic illnesses to cope during their periods without feeling discomfort all day long.
However, when you are feeling low on iodine and are facing any symptoms consult your doctor at once. Mostly, doctors recommend taking supplements to restore normal iodine levels. You can choose between a combination of vitamins supplements called multivitamins or a high-quality iodine supplement like Dr Clark Iodine Supplement to get the necessary amount for optimal health in your body.
HyperThyroidism vs HypoThyroidism
Heavy or irregular menstrual cycles often signal that the body's hormone levels are unbalanced. For example, the average woman has bleeding every 21 to 35 days and lasts 2 to 7 days, but some experience up to 50+ bleedings in a year. This can indicate more serious underlying health problems like endometriosis which affects women differently depending on when they lose their period during development. In contrast, others develop it at an older age when the body stops making few essential compounds.
Symptoms of menstrual issues caused by lack of iodine include feeling fatigued, gaining weight, or having dry skin and hair. You may also experience brain fog and heavy periods.
The menstrual cycle can be challenging to manage if women have an underactive or overactive thyroid. Women’s menstrual issues symptoms may vary depending on type of disorder. Still, it's crucial for anyone who experiences symptoms like weight gain despite dieting, difficulty focusing or concentrating at work or school due to frequent mental fogginess to see their doctor right away. You don't want to miss out on any treatment options available.
So what are the problems in periods? The first one that we will talk about is the lack of iodine that contributes to hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid gland, can cause several menstrual problems. These include heavy bleeding during periods and infrequent cycles, as well as absent menstruation altogether. Women with hypothyroidism often experience period irregularities. In a 2013 study, 68% of participants had absent or extremely light periods, while 28 percent reported heavy periods that lasted more than two weeks.
There are many treatment options available for people with Hashimoto’s disease, an autoimmune disease that causes hypothyroidism. The most popular is the antithyroid drug, which can help prevent female menstrual issues and fertility problems. Moreover, it can help shrink the thyroid gland to relieve symptoms such as a tingling sensation on your skin or weight loss due to excessive tiredness from lack of energy. However, before taking this kind of medication, one thing to consider would involve discussing potential side effects with a healthcare professional and what messes with your period.
Another condition is hyperthyroidism which also causes female menstrual issues. Women with hyperthyroidism have an overactive thyroid gland, which means hormone production is too high. One sign that can be seen in these females is abnormal menstrual bleeding, usually more intense than normal periods or premature menopause.
Absent or irregular periods: This is a prevalent sign of severe hyperthyroidism. In this case, the excess thyroid hormone leads to increased SHBG (sex hormone binding globulin), preventing ovulation.
Short periods: The menstrual bleeding in this issue may become less than average and short.
Reduced fertility: It can be hard to get pregnant when you're not ovulating due to menstrual issues caused by lack of iodine.
Chance of miscarriage: Thyroid hormone comes into play in terms of pregnancy and miscarriage rates. Elevated hormone production increases the risk of an unfavorable outcome. So women must stay within their healthy range while they're pregnant, or the risks can be severe.
What Menstrual Complications Are Caused By Iodine Deficiency
Too little thyroid hormone can cause heavy menstrual bleeding, while too much of it may have the opposite effect. Both conditions are associated with missed or no periods and affect fertility in women trying to get pregnant.
However, these conditions show menstrual issues symptoms, which, if caught early on, can be treated easily. Moving on, when the body's thyroid hormone levels drop too low, a signal is sent from one part of your brain (the hypothalamus) to another. This eventually results in increased production by more than just 100%. It also increases at a faster rate because it has been told that there should be greater demands on its resources - like food or energy sources, for instance. The result? More TSH, which tells these glands what they need: new hormones called thyroxine(s).
However, several types of menstrual problems occur due to a lack of iodine. We explored a few of them here.
Women with heavy menstrual bleeding might need to wear several pads at once or change them often. Some women also find it necessary to use tampons daily because their periods are so heavy, but these can be uncomfortable and expensive if not needed for more than three days each month. Does menstrual flow last longer than seven days? Bleeding lasting over 15-20 minutes before the occurrence of menstruation (MFM)? You may need one pad per hour throughout an entire cycle.
There are many possible causes of heavy bleeding, including hypothyroidism. Other triggers may include infection or medication side effects, fibroids and PCOS, to name just a few others on the list. Therefore, you must consult a doctor if you feel severe menstrual issues, especially if they continue.
Heavy periods can be a symptom of many different things apart from menstrual issues caused by lack of iodine. If you have been experiencing heavy flow and it's not time for your next menstrual cycle, then make sure to see an OB/GYN. They may want to perform some tests such as a pelvic examination. Transvaginal ultrasound imaging is done by inserting a wand into the vagina so that images of reproductive organs are transmitted onto the monitor. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) blood test is another way to determine thyroid health.
Hypothyroidism can affect the thyroid hormones and lead to infrequent or absent periods. Women may experience irregular cycles as part of iodine deficiency menstruation as well.
In addition, high levels of the thyroid-releasing hormone (TRH) can trigger the pituitary gland to release prolactin. The pea-sized organ is located at the base of your brain and controls hormones that regulate growth in various parts of your body, including breasts or facial skin hair. The absence or irregular cycles happens when there's an excess estrogen called "female hormones." It can lead to several women’s menstrual issues, including early periods.
Too much prolactin can interfere with the production of estrogen by your ovaries. This could lead to some menstrual issues caused by lack of iodine. This includes infrequent periods or absence, abnormal milky discharge from breasts (galactorrhea), hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and infertility.
High levels of thyroid hormones can stop your period altogether or make it occur less frequently. That's because TRH triggers production in prolactin, which interferes with the ovaries' ability to produce estrogen. This affects their function and thus causes an interruption to the monthly cycle.
When it comes to getting pregnant, a lack of thyroid hormone can be detrimental as it can cause different types of menstrual problems. Not only does this affect your reproductive system but also overall health and wellness in many ways. This includes an increased risk for miscarrying during the first trimester when you're already struggling with morning sickness.
Some women use thyroid medication to treat menstrual issues. Still, they continue to experience abnormal periods. But for those struggling with infertility or the risk of pregnancy loss, treatment may improve reproductive health and lower the chances of miscarriage.
How To Normalize Iodine and Thyroid Hormone Levels?
The hypothalamus is a crucial player in this regulatory system because it detects that thyroid hormones are low and sends out signals which end with your thyroid being told to make more.
Without iodine, the thyroid gland cannot produce enough hormones to maintain a healthy body. Iodine deficiency is prevalent throughout America and has been linked with an increase in cases of goiter (a swelling caused by too much or inadequate amounts of iodine). This vital nutrient is necessary for maintaining a healthy body and mind, so it's no surprise that most people are iodine-deficient today.
When you're not getting enough iodine, your thyroid can become underactive, leading to hormone imbalance in the body. As a result, it gives rise to iodine deficiency menstruation. This causes irregular and heavy periods because it is essential for regular menstruation cycles.
Also Check Out: Supplements To Regulate Thyroid Function
Some Final Words
Due to lack of iodine, thyroid conditions can affect your menstrual cycles and result in heavy or absent periods. This is because the thyroid hormones impact reproductive hormone production, which then impacts fertility and pregnancy outcomes.
The menstrual issues caused by lack of iodine are not unusual. It happens to many women worldwide, but it can be corrected. Approach your doctor immediately and carry on with the treatment prescribed. Mostly, doctors recommend going for a natural remedy as there are fewer to no chances of side effects, let alone severe ones. If you want to adopt a supplement, always go for the best iodine supplements. It can help you regulate your cycle and keep your thyroid hormone and iodine levels within the optimal range.